Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Bhubaneswar, Orissa

Usha Biswal Rout

01, Jun 2013 @ 12:29 AM
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Related to: Orissa Travel Guide
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ong>Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves : Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Orissa. The caves are situated on two hills Udayagiri and Khandagiri, mentioned as Kumari Parvat in Hathigumpha inscription and face each other across the road. They have a number of finely and ornately carved caves. It is believed that most of these caves were carved out huge residential blocks for the Jain monks, during the reign of King Kharavela. Udayagiri meaning Sunrise Hill, has 18 caves while Khandagiri has 15 caves. The caves of Udayagiri and Khandagiri, called lena or leṇa in the inscriptions, were dug out mostly during the reign of Kharavela for the abode of Jaina ascetics. The most important of this group is Ranigumpha in Udayagiri which is a double storeyed monastery. The famous caves In Udayagiri, Hathigumpha (cave 14) and Ganeshagumpha (cave 10) are especially well known due to art treasures of their sculptures and reliefs as well as due to their historical importance. Rani ka Naur (Queen's Palace cave, cave 1) is also an extensively carved cave and elaborately embellished with sculptural friezes. Khandagiri offers a fine view back over Bhubaneswar from its summit. The Ananta cave (cave 3) depicts carved figures of women, elephants, athletes, and geese carrying flowers.
List of Caves at Udayagiri Inscription in Udaigiri List of Caves at Khandagiri
  1. Ranigumpha
  2. Chota Hathigumpha
  3. Alkapurigumpha
  4. Jaya-vijayagumpha
  5. Panasagumpha
  6. Thakuranigumpha
  7. Patalapurigumpha
  8. Mancapurigumpha
  9. Ganesagumpha
  10. Jambesvaragumpha
  11. Vyaghragumpha
  12. Sarpagumpha
  13. Hathigumpha
  14. Dhanagharagumpha
  15. Haridasagumpha
  16. Jagammathgumpha
  17. Rosaigumpha
  1. Tatowagumpha-1
  2. Tatowagumpha-2
  3. Anantagumpha
  4. Tentuligumpha
  5. Khandagirigumpha
  6. Dhyanagumpha
  7. Navamunigumpha
  8. Barabhujigumpha
  9. Trusulagumpha
  10. Ambikagumpha
  11. Lalatendukesarigumpha
  12. Unnamed
  13. Unnamed
  14. Ekadasigumpha
  15. Unnamed
Related Links: Caves, Odisha Destinations, Odisha Hills
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